City of Residence of Alba County, Transylvania, Romania
Alba Iulia is situated at an altitude of 270 m, 340 km from Bucharest, in the Transylvania region, on the left bank of the Mures River, at the confluence of the Ampoi and Sebeş rivers.
In antiquity, the place of the present fortress was the Apulum Roman camp. Between 1595-1596, under Sigismund Báthory, respectively between 1600-1601, under Mihai Viteazul, it was the seat of the political leader of Moldavia, Transylvania and Wallachia. On 1 November 1599 Mihai Viteazul entered Alba Iulia, realizing the political union of Transylvania, Moldavia and Wallachia under his direction. On December 1, 1918, it was the place of the Great National Assembly in Alba Iulia, which popularly legitimized the union of Transylvania and Banat with Wallachia. In 1922, in Alba Iulia, the official ceremony for the crowning of the kings of Great Romania, Ferdinand I and Maria, was celebrated, and the city symbolized the importance of the city due to its role as a historical capital.
In the south-western corner of the former legion camp, two early churches were built: a rotunda and a basilica of Eastern type. It is the place where the foundations of the future episcopal center were built around which an intense urban life developed over time. Until the 14th century, the Roman Catholic Cathedral in Alba Iulia was the largest religious building in Transylvania. Nowadays, it is the oldest cathedral in Transylvania that continues to function, being the oldest building in Alba Iulia and Alba County, built at the beginning of the thirteenth century.
The second, Brâncoveanu style, was raised in record time to host the coronation of the kings of Romania, Ferdinand and Maria, as sovereigns of Great Romania, on October 15, 1922. Today, Alba Iulia is a European city, the residence of Alba County, a beautiful city that houses a population of over 60,000. Alba Carolia Fortress, a symbol of the city, is an impressive building that can be admired by anyone. Being an important tourist destination, the city is always visited by tourists from all over Europe. The most important tourist attraction in the city is this fortress (City in the City), in its perimeter there are the two large Gothic or Neo-Romanian cathedrals as well as the National Museum of the Union.
In the top of the most beautiful tourist attractions in the county of Alba are Red Ripa, Scarisoara Glacier, Transalpine Road, Rimetea Village, Câlnic Fortress, Vidra Falls, Râmeţ Falls, Ponor falls and Snail Hill or Bethlen-Haller Castle from Fortress of Balta.
Red ravineis definitely one of the beauties of Alba County, a place about which little is known. Located just 3 kilometers from Sebeş, Red ravine has millions of red wrinkles; that can be seen from a satellite. This is the ideal place for paragliding enthusiasts. The ravine was formed by the erosion of water on the soil, which caused, over time, massive landslides.
The Scarisoara Glacier is the worlds first in the country and second largest glacier in the world, and enjoys a lot of visitors who descend to the heart of the cave to see with their eyes the great glacier. Over 4,000 years old, the glacier has a thickness of 22 m and is 400 m long.
The main reason why it is worth visiting the Scarisoara Glacier is the adventure of going downhill. The temperature drops considerably on the descent, and tourists are advised to clothe themselves thick, even if out in the summer. The Transalpine or the Kings Road is a spectacular road, as dangerous as the highest road in Romania. Transalpine crosses the Parang Mountains from north to south through the counties of Alba, Sibiu, Vâlcea and Gorj and reaches the altitude of 2,154 meters in Urdele Pass.
The village of Rimetea is a place where one can see a unique landscape in the world, with white houses and green windows that are unchanged for hundreds of years attract many tourists every year. Special in this village, that has a majority population of Hungarian origin, is the fact that out of the 300 houses more than half of them retain their white color specific to the 19th century .The Pontor Falls Cave offers the most impressive landscape in the county, as visitors to this cave can see a 100-meter-long waterfall, waters that are lost under cliffs and tens of meters of walls that make up the entire landscape of Pontor Falls. The waterfall is recognized by the loud sound of the 92 m falling water.
Bethlen-Haller Castle at the Fortress of Balta is a castle built in the 17th century in the style of the French Renessance. Located in the middle of the distance between Târnăveni and Blaj, on the shore of the small Târnavei river, the castle has had many uses over the years. It has four circular towers in each corner without a defensive role, and a secondary tower attached to one of the facades and has a staircase inside. Today, the castles image is associated with Jidvei wines, since after 1989 the castle was returned to the Haller family who sold it to Jidvei wine- makers, thus becoming private property. The Râmeţ Gorge is the largest natural objective of the central part of Trascău, this area being declared a complex natural reserve that spans an area of 150 hectares. Access is made via the paved road that departs from Teius, 18 km to the Râmeţ Monastery. Then you may continue on the gravel road for another 4 km. Due to the relief, the keys can only be crossed by crossing the water during summertime. The first part has steel bars and cables that allow you to visit the keys during the summer up to the famous gate of the keys and to the "stove" section. From here on, visiting the keys involves crossing by a hanging cable bridge over water, in some portions the water reaching up to 2 m deep.
HOTEL TRANSILVANIA 4*
– The hotel is situated in the city center, 300 m from the castle
– Address: nr. 11 Iuliu Maniu square, 510094 Alba Iulia, Romania
– Information and amenities:
– General amenities:
A la carte Mediterranean or international restaurant
Conference room: 80 seats
Meeting room: 30 seats
Services and amenities:
Check in: 14.00
Check out: 12.00
Meal services: is provided in the hotel's restaurant.
Room facilities: TV, air conditioning with customized control in every room,
minibar, modern bathrooms with shower, hairdryer.
Hotel offers free baby cot (children up to 2 years old) on request.
Pets are not allowed.
Smoking is forbidden in rooms, only allowed in appropriately marked spaces.
Total number of rooms: 80
Double Standard 3 *: 20: 10 standard matrimonial rooms (matrimonial bed 160 x 210) overlooking the inner courtyard with classic furniture and 10 twin rooms (290 x 210 beds) overlooking the inner courtyard.
Double 4 *: 56
Matrimonial / twin rooms, premium king size beds (180 x 210 matrimonial and 90 × 210 twin), electronically controlled air conditioning and individually adjustable ventilation.
Apartments: 4 of the category 4*
The apartments overlook the city, have their own balcony, jacuzzi bathtub, rain shower, electronically controlled air conditioning and individually adjustable ventilation. Features a bedroom with king size bed 180 x 210 and a seating area with a sofa bed.